Certain medical conditions like hypothyroidism, cirrhosis of the liver, and anorexia can result in low blood sodium levels. Hyponatremia is a medical term used to describe deficiency of sodium. The symptoms of hyponatremia tend to be neurologic. Sodium deficiency occurs when the body has too little sodium for the amount of fluid it contains. Symptom #3: Short Term Memory Loss. One of the neurological symptoms of sodium deficiency is seizures. The person suffering from deficiency is monitored, as rapid stabilization may lead to heart failure. Hyponatremia occurs when sodium levels in the blood are too low. The symptoms and severity of hyponatraemia depend on the following two factors: The level of the blood sodium. A deficiency of potassium could occur on high concentrate diets, with symptoms including poor appetite, urinary calculi, body stiffness progressing from front to rear and pica. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Hyponatremia occurs when sodium levels in the blood are too low. Sodium is found in foods that we consume, the major source being the common table salt, that we use as seasoning for our foods. The body of a person suffering from the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) produces too much antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Just adding a spoonful of table salt to a dish cannot help raise blood sodium levels. The mineral is also present in shellfish, carrots, beets, celery, milk, artichokes, dried beef, brains, kidney, and bacon. The kidneys and adrenal glands are responsible for regulating sodium levels. But the more suble symptoms include: restlessness, muscle spasms or cramps, weakness, dizziness and tiredness – all of which can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting. There are some noticeable symptoms that indicate a sodium deficiency: Lack of energy Vomiting Seizures Less alert Disorientation Loss of appetite Lowered muscle strength Pomerat, in Progress in Brain Research, 1965. Low sodium levels can cause a number of symptoms. Hyponatremia symptoms and complications are caused by cells swollen with water, which causes fluid retention. By and large, the foods we eat provide us with more than enough sodium to replace what we lose. Sodium helps in nerve transmission and muscle contraction that includes beating of the heart. This condition can happen in the summer if people sweat a lot and at the same time eat poor diet. While you lose a little sodium every day when you sweat or urinate,   it is generally not enough to cause a sodium deficiency unless you are severely malnourished. After these tests, the exact cause of the deficiency is ascertained and the treatment follows in that direction. This HealthHearty article will help you understand the causes, symptoms, and treatment of low blood sodium levels. The body may have too little, too much, or just enough liquid and still have low sodium. This condition is also called water intoxication. Treating the Cause and Symptoms of Sodium Deficiency. The Sodium deficiency symptoms may not be visible in mild hyponatremia. Medical Expert. Sodium deficiency can happen slowly over time or it can have a rapid onset. Sodium is an electrolyte that plays an essential role in regulating the levels of water and other substances in the body. Doctors treat the cause of the low sodium levels while also treating the sodium deficiency. Vitamin B12 or folate deficiency anaemia can cause a wide range of symptoms. This can cause many neurological problems and can be fatal if not promptly corrected. The deficiency, in very rare cases, may lead to shock due to extremely low blood pressure. Too much sodium or Hypernatremia simply means increased levels of sodium in the blood. If symptoms occur suddenly, bring your cat to a veterinarian immediately. Although there is no pain, prolonged nausea can be debilitating as it can greatly affect a person’s quality of life. Medical history and physical examinations may also be required. In acute there is usually a sudden fall in blood sodium levels (over hours), whereas a chronic fall occurs over days to weeks. Treatment of sodium deficiency would depend on the cause of the condition. Levels of 125 or lower are risky and may cause seizures. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Sodium is an essential mineral your body needs to maintain bodily fluids. Sodium is an electrolyte that plays an essential role in regulating the levels of water and other substances in the body. Find out common low sodium symptoms and when to seek treatment for hyponatremia. Human beings have about 40% of sodium in their bones, 2-5% inside their organs and cells and 55% in blood and other body fluids. liver disease. In disorders like congestive heart failure and kidney failure, the body often retains more fluid, and thus, sodium gets diluted. Sodium deficiency symptoms. Short term memory loss is known as amnesia. Sodium Deficiency (hyponatremia); Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Where can I get sodium from? Hyponatremia is categorized according to the body’s fluid status – either low volume, normal volume, or high volume. Medical history and physical examinations may also be required. More About Us. Generally, symptoms include disorientation, tiredness, and headache. Sodium plays an important role in body water distribution. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! It helps maintain blood pressure and acid-base balance. These symptoms are often associated with depression. Pregnant women are at a high risk of iodine deficiency. Where can I get sodium from? It is a deficit in one’s memory that occurs when there is brain damage, psychological trauma, or disease. Thus, they are advised to drink sports drinks, sports gels, or other electrolyte replacement supplements. Symptoms for hyponatremia can range from mild to severe – let’s look at some of them. It can be caused by excessive sodium loss, for example due to prolonged activity and excessive sweating, or chronic diarrhea … In the natural food groups, vegetables like dry lotus stems, leafy vegetables, pulses, and legumes are foods high in sodium. Symptoms can be absent, mild or severe. Sodium is an essential electrolyte in the body. Sodium deficiencies that occur in low body fluid volumes are usually due to diarrhea, diuretics, excessive sweating, or vomiting. Calcium and other minerals are kept in soluble form due to sodium. Symptoms of Sodium Deficiency in Cats Because sodium deficiencies often have to do with a larger issue in the body, other symptoms may be paired with the signs specific to low sodium levels. Sodium deficiency, or hyponatremia, can present in 2 ways. Muscles and nerves work properly when they get adequate amount of sodium through diet. Due to the swelling of brain cells from an excess of water, a sodium deficiency will likely result in neurological symptoms. By jolene. 10 Symptoms of Sodium Deficiency. Treating the Cause and Symptoms of Sodium Deficiency. Learn why it happens, how to spot the symptoms, and how to get the right treatment. There may be several reasons behind this Sodium Deficiency which we we discuss later, but it can result into some serious consequences like altered personality, lethargy, confusion, seizures, coma and even death. For instance, people with severe cases of diarrhea and vomiting may lose sodium or have it … Kidney or congestive heart failure, hypothyroidism, cirrhosis, medications, or strenuous exercise without electrolyte replacement can cause hyponatremia. The normal sodium concentration in the blood plasma is 136-145. Therefore, sodium deficiency is a rare disorder that affects a person in extreme cases or conditions only. Treatment for hyponatremia are diet changes and electrolyte replacement with an IV. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Cells in other parts of the body can swell as well, but the cranium is hard and, so, the brain cells can only expand so much within the skull. Consumption of sodium-rich food should be closely monitored as it can affect the body negatively and may cause diseases like hypertension. mental changes, headache, nausea and. It maintains a balance of positive and negative ions in the body fluid and tissues. To diagnose the condition, your doctor may order a blood test and urine test to confirm the diagnosis. Low blood sodium is common in older adults, especially those who are hospitalized or living in long-term care facilities. Sodium Deficiency (hyponatremia); Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Sodium has a bad reputation in the health community because of many health problems associated with high sodium levels, including high blood pressure, headache, heart diseases, and thrombosis. kidney disease or kidney failure. One study, published in the Journal of Clinical Neurology, concluded that seizures ‘are more frequently observed in patients with hyponatremia’, as well as other mineral deficiencies. With any health related topic discussed on this site you should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, treatment, advice, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, treatment, or diagnosis. Hyponatremia or low sodium levels in the blood can result in signs and symptoms like headache, confusion, seizures, weakness, restlessness, and muscle spasms. They discuss a study from 1936 looking at the effects of sodium deficiency created by eating a no-sodium diet and inducing sweating for seven days. Cookie Settings Doctors treat the cause of the low sodium levels while also treating the sodium deficiency. Most people have no trouble meeting the daily requirements for sodium in the diet. This alkaline element is very essential for life, as it is present in the extra-cellular fluids. Paleo Meal Delivery: What Options are Available to Suit Your Eating Plan? Anaemia is where you have fewer red blood cells than normal or you have an abnormally low amount of a … The doctor needs to find out the exact reason behind the mineral deficiency. How Is Salt Deficiency Diagnosed? As they keep drinking water while running, their body level of fluids increase leading to dilution of sodium. In fact, some studies have found that nearly 80% of people with low thyroid … Whole30 Meatballs That Don’t Sacrifice Flavor. Anything below 135 mEq/L is labeled as hyponatremia. It can be caused by excessive sodium loss, for example due to prolonged activity and excessive sweating, or chronic diarrhea … Critically low sodium levels in the blood is also referred to as hyponatremia. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. When the body’s balance of electrolytes becomes unstable, the person suffers from hyponatremia. Disclaimer: This article is for informative purposes only and does not in any way attempt to replace the advice offered by an expert on the subject. The person may experience muscle twitching and seizures. This can even lead to serious neurologic impairments and fluid retention in the brain (brain edema). Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. This condition can happen in the summer if people sweat a lot and at the same time eat poor diet. There may be too much fluid in the system, diluting the sodium, or the sodium levels themselves may be … If the sodium concentration drops quickly to critical levels, seizures, coma, and death may occur. In many cases, blood sodium levels fall gradually, producing only mild symptoms as the body has time to make adjustments. Sodium along with chloride and bicarbonate maintains the balance of electrically charged particles in the fluids and tissues. Other sever complications include neurological symptoms, such as swelling and decreased muscle functions. In the acute case, the diagnosis will become rather difficult only by a physical test and hence you may have to give blood and urine tests for confirmation. If Addison's disease is suspected, blood tests will be carried out to measure the levels of sodium, potassium and cortisol in your body. Symptoms of Sodium Deficiency The symptoms include feelings of weakness, apathy, nausea, and cramps in the muscles of the extremities. They can generally be managed using antiemetics such as metoclopramide and ondansetron. Treatment. Most of the sodium in your body is in your bones and the extracellular fluids. It is used in the treatment of diarrhea, muscle cramps, dehydration, and fever due to its property of holding water in the body tissues. Sodium Deficiency (hyponatremia); Symptoms, Causes & Treatment. Sodium is an essential mineral that is found in any food, specially processed ones. Causes of Sodium Deficiency . Excessive diarrhea or vomiting can lead to sodium deficiency. Treatment of sodium deficiency would depend on the cause of the condition. Gerald F. Hungerford, C.M. This will help decrease the likelihood of low sodium levels from recurring. In healthy adults, what is considered to be normal sodium levels is anything between 135 and 145 mEq/L. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Mild symptoms include a decreased ability to think, headaches, nausea, and poor balance. Sodium is an electrolyte that helps the body to maintain the balance of fluid. Sodium deficiency is commonly seen in marathon runners or distance athletes. The symptoms include feelings of weakness, apathy, nausea, and cramps in the muscles of the extremities. The too much sodium symptoms like sweating, nausea, may help you identify any grave problem and prevents from high Sodium Side Effects. 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