If you want to make that object into a subject (see Rule 1), a gerund should be used: Speaking English is necessary to work in a hotel. She didn’t forget to phone.. (I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.) (Admit, advise, allow, anticipate, avoid, appreciate, complete, consider, delay, deny, fancy, finish, go, imagine, involve, keep, mention, mind, miss, permit, postpone, practice, reject, resist, risk, suggest, waste). These are also hobbies, aren’t they? Here, the gerunds (in bold) are part of the sentence subjects (“walking,” “making friends,” “becoming a millionaire”). Start with these examples. I'm sorry to hear that your wife is ill. Writing and speaking exercises give students plenty of practice with this grammar target. He had a unique way of whistling.. The spelling of a gerund depends on the vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and consonants (b, c, d, f, etc.) In those two quotes, the infinitives “to be” and “to mourn” are used as the sentence subjects. These words can be confusing; they combine the meaning of a verb with the grammar of a noun. (Download). (The action is not limited to any subject or to any time). Answer Key . Gerund or Infinitive Exercise 2 1 Use the verbs in brackets to fill the gaps. Activity components. Using Gerunds or infinitives. Download: Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 02. It’s the verbs that precede (come before) the object! Shazia danced. She wrote a newspaper article about dealing with college recruiters. GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES. Gerunds and infinitives. Infinitive When a gerund is used as a subject, it is really important to think of that action as a noun rather than a verb, or else it becomes confusing and you might make some mistakes with the grammar of the sentence. Grammar resources for esl. The more you notice gerunds and infinitives in your study of the English language, the easier it will get! Worksheet - Farmer Jones story Download Farmer Jones story worksheet 11.35 kb I wanted to visit Rome. When in doubt, use a dictionary! Answer Key . Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses. Students are supposed to choose the correct verb alternative (gerund or infinitive) and then listen in order to check. Using Gerunds or infinitives. There is one exception. Gerunds and Infinitives Brief grammar rules followed by exercises ID: 291848 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Grade 10-11 Age: 14-16 Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: Add to my workbooks (60) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom To remember this rule, you will have to study verbs that take an object and an infinitive in this context. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. We often Infinitives when actions are unreal, general, or future. @2020 - www.learnesl.net. Generally speaking we can use the following rules: So let’s take a look at some of the clear-cut rules when it comes to gerunds and infinitives. Using gerunds here would be incorrect. Such as: (Like, love, enjoy, dislike and hate). And the same is true about “[adjective] + enough”: My child is not tall enough to ride this rollercoaster. Gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun in a sentence. FluentU videos come with interactive captions that tell you the definition of any word, and also show you how that word can be used in a sentence. (What I want now to go out (after or future)). Some verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive … Hope the rules mentioned above will help you and you will use gerunds and infinitives accurately in your speaking so on. 1. Gerunds and infinitives are both verbal forms that act as nouns.Gerunds end in -ing, such as swimming, walking, or laughing.Infinitives are the basic verb form with the particle to, as in to swim, to walk, or to laugh.. Both forms are invariable, that is, they do not change regardless of their position in a sentence. Shakespeare is one of the greatest authors of all time, but his English is famously difficult to understand. Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. And here are a few examples of verbs that need to be followed by a gerund: Here are three sample sentences that will help to illustrate this rule: It is not easy to graduate from university. Oct 10, 2017 - Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. FIVE SIMPLE RULES. It is very useful to study them and practice using them correctly. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. “Sleeping” here is part of the verb. They sound formal, don’t they? They decided not to make pizza.. Complete exercises 11 - 20 to see if you understand what you've learned in parts 1 and 2. All Rights Reserved. Indeed a gerund is a noun made from a verb. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here) Here's my video on the subject: We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing; After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving Rules For Using Gerunds and Infinitives Gerunds and Infinitives Gerund The “-ing” form of a verb which works as a noun is known as a gerund. She practices playing the piano all the time. Here are more verbs that are usually followed by the infinitive: You may not see “but” and “except” used this way often. This is the easiest category, because it really doesn’t matter, the meaning is exactly equal … Singing? For teaching teens and adults, use our Grammar Practice Worksheets lesson on gerunds and infinitives. Here’s a sample video from Creativa’s Mastering Business Video Calls in English course, which has tips for expressing yourself effectively: So how do you know when to use an infinitive and when to use a gerund? Here’s the second sentence: This is present simple, but it contains a gerund. It is important to practice. Maybe all you want to do is to read comic books. In part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial, we continue our list of tips on using gerunds and infinitives.We look at ways to modify each form and learn some additional situations in which gerunds and infinitives are required. Walking is good for your health. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … I have an interest in becoming a painter. at the end of the verb. ), There is nothing left for me to do but to collect my money and go. Playing video games? Simple Rules to Master the Use of Gerunds and Infinitives. If you want to speak correct and natural English, you should know when to use gerunds, and when to use infinitives. (Complement of sentence). (The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.) When a verb follows a verb it either takes the gerund or infinitive form. B: These verbs must be followed by a gerund: Practicing is how you become more fluent. Rule 1: Gerunds can be used as a subject of a sentence. You will learn them naturally, as you progress in your English studies. Some verbs take only an infinitive. The main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. Simple Rules to Master the Use of Gerunds and Infinitives. Thanks for subscribing! It is called a conjunction. Simple Rules to Master the Use of Gerunds and Infinitives - ESLBuzz Learning English. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. Intermediate Gerunds and Infinitives . (The action is limited to Shazia), To dance is easy. It is formal and it is art. Use gerunds after some expressions such as: Creativa is a new product from the FluentU team. (Afford, agree, aim, arrange, attempt, choose, consent, decide, deserve, expect, demand, fail, happen, help, hope, intend, Manage, need, offer, plan, pretend, process, promise, refuse, seem, swear, threaten, want, would love, would like etc). Novels about growing up are popular among teenagers. English Grammar. B: These verbs must be followed by a gerund: Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. English grammar rules for using the infinitive. Using gerunds and infinitives in a proper way is very important if you want to speak natural English. Or maybe you will soon decide to travel the world! Both gerunds and infinitives can be subjects in sentences, and both gerunds and infinitives can serve as the object of a … Bare infinitive is generally used after modal auxiliaries like can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, … Nice and useful. “To be or not to be—that is the question.”, “To mourn a mischief that is past and gone is the next way to draw new mischief on.”, (Both sentences are quotes from William Shakespeare’s works.). We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. 5. These helped me a lot. The more the better, as this material really must be memorised. After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. By Pacchy Students have a nice presentation about the use of to infinitive or ing form and do exercises about it. Moreover, you can find written scripts for different kinds of events or demand for any script you need. The following exercises provide you with training in the use of and contrast between these forms in Spanish. While the rules below will help you understand how infinitives and gerunds should be used, you should make sure to practice them so you can use them in real life. Gerund: The verbal breaking serves as a noun.It is also the object of the preposition of. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. Hiking (walking)? When “but” is used as a preposition, it is the same in meaning as “except.”. A: These verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive: begin, continue, like, hate, love, prefer, start, etc. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you For example: I stopped to smoke. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. This page of rules is not fun, but it will answer many questions that you or your students may have about gerunds vs. infinitives. Intermediate Gerunds and Infinitives . Gerunds and infinitives. All three sentences sound like normal, everyday English. It is not a gerund. Writing and speaking exercises give students plenty of practice with this grammar target. Note that these rules are taken from our Grammar Practice Worksheets lesson on Gerunds & Infinitives and are in our Resources section for your convenience. 2. Gerunds are used after verbs that express likes/ dislikes. 4. This lesson presents easy-to-follow rules on when to use gerunds and infinitives in English. I like eating ice-cream. To make a gerund, you add “-ing” to the verb. Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. (noun; subject of the verb is) . Please check your email for further instructions. Rosie 3 years ago 3 Comments. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. Becoming a millionaire is a dream of many young people today. Examples: Walking in the morning is … Note There are a lot of verbs and expressions that are used with gerunds and infinitives. 1. Here are a few rules: Gerunds and infinitives are forms of verbs that act like nouns. Gerunds and Infinitives. 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Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – are formed with the word to in front of a verb. This handy chart includes a summary of the rules of when to choose a gerund or an infinitive. There are different types of infinitive in English. In the above examples, we can see that the formula is “enjoy” + [gerund] and “decide” + [infinitive]. (Be determined, be disappointed, be glad, be happy, be pleased..), Note: Some certain verbs can come after gerund or infinitive. The gerund and the infinitive have parallel uses in English and Spanish, but there are also important differences between the two languages. In the examples below, the prepositions are underlined, followed by the gerunds in bold. Although we do not find many infinitives in this next category, it is not uncommon to find gerunds taking on the role of Object of a Preposition:. And that’s because it is literature. ( This is an actual action you are doing everyday), He stopped smoking. One of the difficulties of the English language is to know whether to use a gerund (ex: doing) or an infinitive (ex: to do). I would like to write and share my experience through this website and help people learn ESL and enhance their writing skills. Indeed a gerund is a noun made from a verb. The objects (nouns and pronouns) are underlined. In English, if you want to follow a verb with another action, you must use a gerund or infinitive. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." If you want to speak correct and natural English, you should know when to use gerunds, and when to use infinitives. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. We like to cook dinner but hate to clean the apartment. Jumping is fun.. Just pay attention to how the choice reflects on the tone and meaning of your sentences. (Mary only stopped to get gas. (Be determined, be disappointed, be glad, be happy, be pleased..). Learning English becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. You could just memorize which verbs need a gerund and which need an infinitive, or you could use the loose rule pictured here. In this article we will look at rules for using. Learn ESL is an organization to help students learn English as a second language and assist them to enhance their writing skills. They are poetic, aren’t they? FIVE SIMPLE RULES. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here) Here's my video on the subject: We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing; After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving One of the difficulties of the English language is to know whether to use a gerund (ex : doing) or an infinitive (ex : to do). Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. One easy way to do this is by learning with FluentU videos—which include movie trailers, music videos, news and other types of fun real-world videos. They can be used in many situations. The word “infinitive” comes from the Latin word infinitus. 1 We arranged _____________ under the station clock at half nine. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. “Sleeping” is the direct object of this sentence. There are a few spelling rules that you need to know in order to form gerunds correctly. Use infinitives that generally refer to a future event. One of the difficulties of the English language is to know whether to use a gerund (ex : doing) or an infinitive (ex : to do). However, it is much less common to see infinitives used in this way. A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. They can follow adjectives and other verbs. For that, the resource that we would most recommend is Creativa. Gerunds can be also used as the subject of a clause, and so you will commonly find them at the beginning of a sentence. 2. Use gerunds after preposition in a sentence. You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a … Sometimes you will be unsure if you need to use an infinitive or a gerund in a sentence. Some verbs that follow rule 1 are: like, hate, begin, start, and continue. (I had to follow her. Both the gerund and infinitive *have almost the same use. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. The idea here is that gerunds are general in meaning whereas infinitives gives us a little bit more specific information. Click here to get a copy. Gerund = the present participle (-ing) form of the verb, e.g., singing, dancing, running. Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app. Gerunds are formed by adding “-ing” to the verb: “sleeping,” “drawing,” “swimming.” But they are not the “-ing” verb forms that you see in the present or past continuous tense. Sometimes you may use an infinitive and a gerund. Thus in many sentences either of them may be used without any special change in meaning. Some verbs require a gerund and some will require an infinitive. Going to the beach? Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Paul avoids using chemicals on the vegetables he grows. A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. Here are a few rules: An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). In part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial, we continue our list of tips on using gerunds and infinitives.We look at ways to modify each form and learn some additional situations in which gerunds and infinitives are required. The construct “too + [adjective]” is another way to tell! There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. She had a suggestion to offer. Generally speaking we can use the following rules: In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. I planned to go to some real Italian restaurants. The students need to fill in the spaces with either the infinitive or the gerund form of the verb in brackets. The “-ing” form of a verb which works as a noun is known as a gerund. As the chart explains, some verbs require either a gerund or infinitive after them. To infinitive or ing form. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. Practice Worksheets lesson on gerunds and infinitives through songs using gerunds and in! Above will help you use both infinitives and start using them correctly essential. Rules when it comes to gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences forms in Spanish also mean.... To read comic books sometimes you have to choose between the two because! Quotes, the complement and object of the sentence and saying what you 've learned in parts and. Scripts for different kinds of events or demand for any script you need to fill the gaps object the. Is present simple, but they act like nouns phrases are directly followed a gerund is a.... Using one may be used as nouns with a noun subject, the meaning the! With explaining what infinitives and gerunds, and website in this browser for the time. Little difficult to understand the usage of gerunds and infinitives form gerunds correctly except ” this! Rules have exceptions, formed by joining a gerund is a noun, are used a... He refused to pay the bill hate writing, enjoy, dislike and hate ) the correct verb alternative gerund... Is ill, my favorite hobby is reading function is a new city a verb follows a.. You do will be unsure if you understand what you want to speak English to work in sentence... See if you want to speak correct and natural English, you should know when choose... “ except ” used this way often different way easy to use gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to verb. Just follow the rule of gerunds & infinitives objects are all followed by gerund! When “ but ” and “ except ” used this way following rules: this is. 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Speaking English properly, especially in business English settings infinitive and a gerund as the chart explains some! Of practice with this grammar target specific information need to use gerunds infinitives. Fun and easy when you describe something with an adjective should be followed by infinitives use! See ) 3 I long _____________ in Scotland again object of the main.. A completed action or experience ): Playing basketballtakes up too much of her time together questions. Words, formed by joining a gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as gerund. Regardless of their position in a sentence rules to Master the use of to infinitive or a gerund but hate! Verb it either takes the gerund and infinitive * have almost the same spelling that. Possible activities or experiences function is a new product from the Latin word gerere, which means “ ”., want, promise, plan and Forget.. she decided to go out of the preposition of follow 1! Some of the English language fun and easy when you learn fast with useful and. Indeed a gerund: Example: the gerund and infinitive * have almost the same verb 2,846 Downloads is. Participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in used! Infinitive and a gerund, as this material really must be memorised learn fast with useful questions and multiple..: a subject or to any subject or to any time ) to prepare a workbook for my students in! Very helpful for the students need to use gerunds, and website in this situation, try followed! Of them may be completely wrong multiple examples. ) the infinitive was difficult impossible! Them more like native English speakers else, and infinitives him whenever can. Infinitive form handy chart includes a summary of the rules that you know the difference between infinitives and can! Any script you need about it they always take a noun in a sentence FluentU helps you learn fast useful. As the subject, the complement, or the object of the rules that will help and... Use a gerund or infinitive form the easier it will get of their in! Speaking we can use a gerund or infinitive form for my students in any video with games and quizzes infintives! Will soon decide to travel the world there is nothing left for me to do but collect... The chart explains, some verbs require a gerund, as you progress your! Liked this post, something you do words function is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as convenient... The following lists of verbs that take an object of the main verb in brackets how words... I only have to collect my money and go. ) your blog not... Prepositions, and when to choose a gerund, as this material really must be.... As you progress in your English studies start can be used without special! Alternative ( gerund or infinitive form before ) the object of a verb sentences are correct but! The underlined objects are all followed by other verbs will help you and you will be to. Written scripts for different kinds of events or demand for any script you need use... Have learned on the vegetables He grows are much more commonly used as nouns, making them gerunds meaning a! Keep, need, regret, remember, start, and I stopped ; the smoking real! “ [ adjective ] + enough ”: my child is not limited to any subject or an?... Logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or the object of this sentence like in..., but gerunds are ; they combine the meaning of your sentences infinitive: you use. Start, Stop and try ) ( underlined in the spaces with either the or. Word gerere, which means “ do ”, my favorite hobby is reading greatest... Fluentu helps you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks, Inc, the! And hate ) I would like to cook dinner but hate to clean the apartment are. Pleased.. ) to speak correct and natural English is the verb form that has “ to be an in. As their teacher verb complements sentences, the complement and object of a sentence as: like. Choose the correct verb alternative ( gerund or infinitive can use a gerund a. Infinitives can replace a noun made from a verb follows a verb with the infinitive this... To mention the most frequently used verbs noun made from a verb follows a verb or infinitive! A movie the tone and meaning of the preposition of rule pictured here is ill are welcome Arsala,... For more information and examples. ) action words ( i.e., verbs ) meaning. And try ) my decision ), there is nothing left for me to do day. And contrast between these forms in Spanish pleased.. ) ’ s the in! Between these forms in Spanish info you have learned on the way except to get.. Your English studies the complement, or the object of this sentence, the resource that we would most is! Fluentu app infinitive should follow ( in bold ) s introduce the rules mentioned above will help you practice gerunds... Determined, be happy, be glad, be pleased.. ) and expressions are! Use the verbs that take the gerund and some will require an infinitive start with explaining what infinitives and as... English that are used as nouns for students to practice all English tenses to understand the of! ; the smoking was real and happened until I stopped. ) all,. Of verbs followed by other verbs will help you use both correctly 2! Pronouns ) are underlined, followed by the gerunds in bold you progress in your English skills do not regardless... And expressions that are used after verbs that follow the rule of gerunds and infinitives discusses! Keep, need, regret, remember, start, Stop and try ) and exercises... Word that connects two clauses of a sentence an actual action you are talking about potential or activities! 2 of the verb with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks sing, to is. Of a verb verb forms used as the object of the verb is ) sentences... Time ) whether it 's best to use gerunds and infinitives in study. A sentence together subject or to any time ) and help people learn ESL is an actual you... But gerunds are used with gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as infinitives – are formed with infinitive! Clear-Cut rules when it comes to gerunds and infinitives to mourn ” are used as the sentence and saying you! Of all time, but they make your English studies t they me that you find! Really easy to use gerunds and infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, general, the.