Beach vitex is still sold and used as an ornamental, which is another means of dispersal. Because of its invasive nature, beach vitex crowds out native dune plants such as sea oats (Uniola latifolia L.), American beachgrass (Ammophila breviligulata Fern. Globally, it is present in both tropical (where it is evergreen) and temperate (deciduous) climatic regions. Beach vitex spreading from beach front properties on Pawleys Island, SC. Beach Vitex Control Program Fall applications work best 20% Habitat –with Dye Allow 4 to 6 mos before removal of dead stems 95% control, regrowth usually occurs in summer Follow-up retreatments –for as many 3 years USDA. It has escaped from cultivation in the Southeastern U.S., with free-living populations in Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Florida (suspected). Clemson University Cooperative Extension. Plants should be removed before fruit ripening to avoid seed dispersal. By the mid-1990's, plant specialists began to notice beach vitex spreading from original plantings on state beaches, crowding out native plants such as sea oats and sea beach … Vitex Species, Beach Vitex, Round-Leaf Chaste Tree (Vitex trifolia subsp. A few vitex species are cultivated as woody ornamentals or for beach stabilization. Large-scale monocultures of beach vitex … Some have been found dead, entangled within the rhizome mats. As an obligate seashore shrub, beach vitex grows along rocky and sandy shorelines and coastal areas up to fifty feet above sea level. Size: NT Premium. Hatchlings have become trapped in the thick tangle of vegetation on the Isle of Palms, which can exhaust them and lead to their death before ever reaching the ocean. Beach Vitex Invades the Carolina Coast Threatening Native Dune Plants and Sea Turtles Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) is a deciduous, woody vine from Japan and Korea that was introduced to the ... well as habitat for a federally threatened plant, seabeach amaranth and other rare species. 2010) Beach vitex is highly salt and drought-tolerant (GRI, 2006) and grows best in full sun and sandy or well-drained soils (SCNPS, undated). Large-scale monocultures of beach vitex … ARS. USDA, NRCS. Fig. However, by the mid-1990s, dune restoration specialists with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began to notice beach vitex spreading from original plantings on South Carolina beaches (Figure 1), crowding out native dune plants, and spreading by seeds and vegetative fragments. Olsen, R.T. and A.C. Bell. 1. 2007. Beach vitex is a vine that grows along the surface of sandy areas, like dunes. Beach vitex: South Carolina’s newest menace. Beach Vitex Control With Selected ... habitat distribution • Soil seed bank is such that even after the removal of BV, there will be enough seeds to reestablish the area. Beach vitex is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of the southeastern United States. 6044, Mississippi State, MS 39762, (662) 325-5839. Discrimination in university employment, programs, or activities based on race, color, ethnicity, sex, pregnancy, religion, national origin, disability, age, sexual orientation, genetic information, status as a U.S. veteran, or any other status protected by applicable law is prohibited. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. History of beach vitex cultivation: a potential invasive ornamental (PDF | 2.34 MB). Home and Garden Information Center. Because stems can propagate through fragmentation, be careful to remove all stems and root fragments. This research focused on controlling beach vitex with foliar or cut stem applications of herbicides. Crowds out native species and may destroy sea turtle nesting habitat (Cousins et al. The City of Virginia Beach and the City of Norfolk, in partnership with Virginia Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Services and Conservation and Recreation, worked with … All rights reserved. The Beach Vitex “invasion” has become so bad that South Carolina developed a Vitex Task Force to deal with the … Cousins, M.C., J. Briggs, C. Gresham, J. Whetstone, and T. Whitwell. Since its introduction in the 1980s, this Pacific Rim native has invaded many fragile beach-dune ecosystems along the Mid-Atlantic, Southern Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico. In 2004, free-living plants of beach vitex were detected on North Island, a coastal barrier island near Georgetown, South Carolina, that is accessible only by boat. The stems are hairy at … Beach and simpleleaf vitex have been considered a single, highly variable species (Vitex rotundifolia). Provides state, county, point and GIS data. §25-61-19, This site was last modified on: Dec-25-2020 2:32 amhttp://extension.msstate.edu/publications/beach-vitex-vitex-rotundifolia-lf, Weed Scientist/Weed Control - Agronomic and Horticultural Crops and noncropland, STEM – Science Technology Engineering and Math, Thad Cochran Agricultural Leadership Program TCALP, Mississippi County Elections: Election Prep 101, Extension Center for Economic Education and Financial Literacy, Creating Healthy Indoor Childcare Environments, Plant Diseases and Nematode Diagnostic Services, Master Naturalist course begins Sept. 7 in Biloxi, Actively battle invasive cogongrass in the state, Now is the time to spot, treat cogongrass patches, Control resistant weeds before spring planting, Exotic plants produce unwanted fields of white, Selecting Landscape Trees With Special Comments on Invasive and Native Plants, Selecting Landscape Shrubs With Special Comments on Invasive and Native Plants, Legislative Update: Miss. 2010). Challenge: Beach vitex was introduced to the Southeastern United States in the mid-1990s for use as an orna-mental and for beach stabilization. Beach Vitex (BV) (Vitex rotundifolia-L. f.) has become a major invasive plant in the fragile beach ecosystems of the Carolinas. Beach vitex in Point Clear, AL, showing its leaves and flowers. Leaves are simple, rounded, and gray-green with dense, grayish-white hairs on the lower surface. Habitat description Vitex rotundifolia is an obligate sand dune species (Kim, 2005). Beach vitex is fast-growing and drought- and salt-tolerant. All rights reserved. Legal | Ethics Line | Policy about commercial endorsements | DAFVM | USDA | eXtension | Legislative Update: Miss. This woody perennial plant typically grows approximately 1 m in height. 2010. On January 18, 2007, the Town Council approved the Beach Vitex Eradication Program and passed the ordinance regarding Beach Vitex (see below).To learn more about beach vitex:www.beachvitex.orgBEACH VITEX ERADICATION PROGRAMIf a Kure Beach property owner finds Beach Vitex … Extension Service of Mississippi State University, cooperating with U.S. Department of Agriculture. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. National Invasive Species Information Center, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Beach Vitex. The Folly Beach website discusses several threats to nesting turtles, including beach nourishment, construction, and beach vitex. University of Florida. There are approximately 250 species of vitex ranging from temperate to tropical habitats. 531-533). Unmanaged, Beach Vitex quickly dominates the dune habitat producing a monoculture that can impede sea turtle nesting and shorebird foraging and exacerbate storm erosion; a multi-year effort due to this plant’s prolific seed production and quick regrowth. Habitat: Coastal Dunes. Code Ann. Stems root along their length, forming a mat on the sand. Seeds float and can be carried in longshore currents and waves to other beaches. If you need assistance accessing any of our content, please email the webteam or call 662-325-2262. In the Midsouth, beach vitex has escaped in Alabama, and mapping efforts are underway to determine if it exists in other Midsouth states. Copyright © 2020 Mississippi State University Extension Service. Beach Vitex (BV) (Vitex rotundifolia-L. f.) has become a major invasive plant in the fragile beach ecosystems of the Carolinas.This prostrate, salt tolerant shrub from the Pacific Rim was introduced to the southeastern United States as a landscape plant. Currently, beach vitex is not regulated in the U.S. In: B.L. GRIN-Global. The visually attractive beach vitex, scientifically known as Vitex rotundifolia, sprawls well across the turtles’ favorite nesting site, sand dunes, and sprouts clusters of delicate purple flowers.In the United States, the plant grows natively only in Hawaii, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The Mississippi State University Extension Service is working to ensure all web content is accessible to all users. Thus, displacing sea oats could impact beach mice. The South Carolina Beach Vitex Task Force has documented beach vitex at more than 115 locations along the South Carolina coast. This refers to the round shape of the leaves. Severely alters native habitat by dominating primary dune areas with dense, sprawling, perennial, woody cover (Beach Vitex Task Force, 2013). Digging or pulling plants manually can be used in areas where herbicide use is not desired. Print This Page Beach Vitex Beach Vitex - a Pretty but Invasive Plant Threatening Native Dune Plants and Sea Turtles Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) is a deciduous, woody vine from Japan and Korea that was introduced to the southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980s as an ornamental landscape plant as well as for sand dune stabilization.Along the gulf coast, beach vitex … A species profile for Beach Vitex. Discrimination in university employment, programs or activities based on race, color, ethnicity, sex, pregnancy, religion, national origin, disability, age, sexual orientation, genetic information, status as a U.S. veteran, or any other status protected by applicable law is prohibited. The genus Vitex is not native to the lower 48 states, but several species of the genus are widely planted. Leaves are 2 inches long and 1.5 inch wide. Height: 3. Though we are not aware of any beach vitex growing on the fore dune in the panhandle, if it does it could impact sea turtle nesting. litoralis) by htop Jan 5, 2008 7:58 PM possibly an interspecific hybrid between V. rotundifolia and V. agnus-castus Product Description. Beach Vitex is an invasive plant that spreads rapidly and poses a threat to native plants and animals. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), is a deciduous woody vine from the Pacific Rim, that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980's for beach stabilization. It is found at low elevations on beaches, sand dunes, and rocky shorelines (HNPPD, 2001). The stolons will develop secondary roots, which can form smaller deep root systems, and the entire maze of vines grows very … Fruit are round, ¼-inch wide, and purplish-black when ripe. It also occurs along the North Carolina coast and was recently observed on a beach in Alabama. Price: $1.80. James (Ed. Published in furtherance of Acts of Congress, May 8 and June 30, 1914. This invasive shrub, the seeds of which are dispersed by the sea, grows on the shores of the Mediterranean, Central Asia, India, Southeast Asia, China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan and the Pacific Islands. Beach vitex is scientifically known as Vitex rotundifolia.The scientific name is Latin meaning round leaf. Beach vitex, chasteberry, roundleaf chastetree, Monk’s pepper, Introduced for erosion control (Olsen and Bell 2005), Crowds out native species and may destroy sea turtle nesting habitat (Cousins et al. Thickets can reach 15-60 cm high. Single plants or scattered populations of beach vitex plants should be mechanically removed from an infested site and properly disposed of to avoid unintentional spread of the plant. Maps can be downloaded and shared. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Lilac chastetree and negundo chastetree are grown as shrubs or small trees. This publication may be copied and distributed without alteration for nonprofit educational purposes provided that credit is given to the Mississippi State University Extension Service. Beach vitex is fast-growing and drought- and salt-tolerant. University of Georgia. Beach vitex is reported to be native to Indo-Malaysia and Hawaii, but it is found from China, Taiwan, and Japan south to Malaysia, India, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Australia, the Pacific Islands, and Hawaii. Flowers are blue-purple, fragrant, 1 inch wide, and arranged in short inflorescences out of the leaf axils (Figure 3). Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. A waxy substance moves from the deciduous leaves and seeds, causing hydrophobic sand and soils, giving beach vitex a competitive advantage. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.) is a deciduous woody vine that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. from Korea in the mid-1980s. 2007. V. rotundifolia grows along sandy and rocky coasts from 0 to 15 m above sea level. Beach Vitex. Currently, beach vitex blankets a number of oceanfront dunes in the Carolinas (Figures 1 and 2). Habitat. Those commonly cultivated include lilac chastetree (Vitex agnus-castus L.), negundo chastetree (Vitex negundo L.), beach vitex, and simpleleaf chastetree (Vitex trifolia L.). Since its introduction in the 1980s, this PacificRim native has invaded many fragilebeach-dune ecosystems along the Mid-Atlantic, Southern Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico. Hilton Head Island Municipal Government (South Carolina). Seeds and cuttings that have been chipped up and spread as mulch have also started new populations where dispersed. Habitat: Terrestrial; sand dunes and beaches Growth Habit: Perennial Shrub Native Environment: Asia to Australia AKA: Roundleaf vitex: Introduction. §25-61-19. It has a main taproot from which the runners (stolons) extend in a radiating pattern, like a skinny-legged starfish. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Beach Vitex. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Plants grow down to the ocean waves themselves. Beach vitex is in the mint family. Beach vitex can reach 1 to 2 feet high and typically 12 feet long, but runners can grow to infinite lengths, with reports of up to 60 feet (Figure 2). The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. YouTube - Beach Vitex: Kudzu of the Coast? IFAS. Description: Vitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. It has since . It is also known as monks pepper, single leaf chaste tree, chasteberry, and round-leaved chaste tree. Efforts are now underway to map and monitor its spread. Originally written by Maddox; Randy Westbrooks, PhD, former Invasive Species Specialist, U.S. Geological Survey; Byrd; and Betsy Brabson, South Carolina Beach Vitex Task Force, Georgetown, SC. Beach vitex, man hyung ja (Korea), hamagou (Japanese), dan ye man jing (Chinese) Habitat and Description. Email the webteam or call 662-325-2262 and rocky coasts from 0 to 15 m above level..., Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System ( EDDMapS ) - beach vitex spreading from beach front on! Tropical habitats species ( PDF | 248 KB ) there are approximately 250 species of vitex is....Gov means it ’ s official.Federal government websites always use a.gov or domain! May destroy sea turtle nesting habitat ( Cousins et al of plants photos and herbarium found. 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